Afterword: Laurence Boisson de Chazournes and Her Critics
In this Afterword in response to the Foreword by Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, I argue that to address the challenges of coordination between the growing number of international courts and tribunals, the role of international judges is necessary but not sufficient. Overcoming the various obstacles requires not only clarifying rules and relationships (ex-ante specification) but also adding mechanisms that effectively accommodate interests while limiting pitfalls and contributing to calibrating adjudicatory authority (ex-post control). Such additional tools may help to control the tribunals’ ability to make and apply their decisions. They also can serve to relieve the international law processes from the pressures exerted by excessive legal ‘experimentalism’. Among the most obvious of such tools emerging in international economic agreements are consolidation or joint decision-making provisions, stays and under-ride processes, interaction requirements or special delegation arrangements.